Seven Element of Photography

What Are The Seven Elements Of Photography?

The practice of photography goes far beyond the realm of the arts. In other words, it requires training and practice. Learning the specifics of what makes for a captivating shot is an investment of time and energy on the part of professional photographers. Line, texture, shape, form, pattern, colour, and space are the seven aspects of photography that break down everything a serious artist needs to consider. Incorporating each into a photograph adds a new dimension. Check out Vogue Ballroom Wedding Venue for your ultimate wedding reception.

Elements Of Photography

The seven fundamentals of photography are all about composition. Any of these can be depicted in whichever way you like with the help of composition.


Instead of attracting attention like dots do, lines lead the viewer along a specific course. Or, they mark a separation, such as between the ground and the sky.

Lines in photography, like points, do not have the same strict definition as lines in geometry. In photography, a line is defined as a path that either cuts across the frame or joins two points within it. Some examples of such features are a winding road or a ridge of jagged mountains. There is usually a line even at the cloud's fuzzy, hardly delineated boundary.

The use of lines to link together components of your image is also crucial. They can lend structure to a picture, which is essential for making it look well-thought-out. A connection is created between the foreground and the background when there is a clear line of progression there.

The lines in a photograph may not always be real. Think of a painting of a kid holding a toy truck. Although it appears "empty," the observer understands that the area between the child and the truck is crucial. Each part of the picture is strengthened by the line that connects them.

The value of lines is lower than that of points. Instead, they serve to establish relationships between elements, demarcate space between elements, or direct attention where you want it to go. As such, they rank among the most crucial components of any piece.

There are multiple interpretations that can be made from a single line. To guide the viewer's eye around the frame, use leading lines; diagonals work especially well. It is possible to draw the audience's attention back to the foreground by using a pattern of fading lines. A model's body can generate a "S" shape, which will direct the viewer's gaze all the way along her figure because lines aren't always straight.

The line has the greatest significance and conveys the most meaning of any component. It doesn't matter if the line is visible or not; your eyes will follow it nonetheless. One of the most powerful components of design is the line, which can convey a wide range of feelings based on its shape and orientation.

Lines that are horizontally placed can evoke feelings of quiet or repose, whereas lines that are vertically placed can evoke feelings of authority, and lines that are diagonally placed can evoke feelings of motion and purpose. In contrast to the frenzy and chaos suggested by sharp, straight lines, gentle curves convey a calm and peaceful mood.


The use of colour is one of our favourite design elements. The photograph's tone is greatly influenced by the colours used.

Colour is one of the most fundamental aspects of any environment. The "colour wheel" is the result of combining various shades of the main colours red, blue, and yellow. Complementary colours are those that sit directly across from one another on the colour wheel. That's why you constantly associate green with Christmas, and why blue with orange means your favourite sports team (Lakers).

There is a general dichotomy between "warm" and "cool" colours. Warm colours like orange, red, and yellow evoke thoughts of friendliness, vitality, and vigour. On the other hand, blue and green are chilly hues that connote tranquillity, sadness, and gloom.

Other than the unique artistic decision that is black and white photography, colour significantly alters both the visual structure and emotional impact of any given shot.

To discuss the range of feelings evoked by different colours in photography would require significantly more room than is available here. The primary distinction you should make at the time is between warm and cool colours.

Reds, oranges, and yellows are warm colours. They're dynamic, bursting to the forefront of a picture to add energy and life. When you set a bright red dot on a bright blue background, many individuals will see the red dot as physically closer to the viewer, giving the impression that it is casting a shadow behind itself.

To the contrary, "cool" colours include shades of  blue, green, and violet. These hues are more soothing and soft in character. The most common colours in nature are blue and green; the sight of a blue sky or a green field is often seen as calming and pleasant. However, cool colours are often found in dimmer settings, such as the shadows on a sunny day. This gives them an ominous quality that is especially potent in storm images.

Recognise the colours in your images and work to highlight their best qualities when you compose your shots. In many cases, a more striking visual effect can be achieved by contrasting two warm colours. Photos with only one or two primary colours also convey a fairly unified message, which can be very effective if the image was well crafted.


Finding and incorporating objects with fascinating textures in your shot is what the texture category is all about. A aged, rustic barn, for example, can provide a unique backdrop for pictures while also emphasising the subject. Interesting people with textured skin are more compelling because of the backstory they convey.

The surface details of an object are reflected in its texture. Adding texture to a photo can make for a more captivating image. There is a strong correlation between an object's texture and its emotional impact and attention it receives.

When you take a picture of the sea's smooth stones and the mist that forms from a long exposure, what kind of feeling do you convey? What about rugged mountains with a lot of contrast?

Photos featuring textures like sand patterns or sea waves can be interesting in and of themselves. The more common use of textures is as standalone elements inside a bigger photograph, either to provide depth to your subject or to fill in the blanks between other elements.

Greater emphasis is often placed on textured regions. Texture in "unimportant" parts of a shot might be distracting and over complicate the picture. In other circumstances, like when depicting a mountain environment, the texture is essential for conveying a sense of depth.

Light's angle has a lot to do with how noticeable the textures are. You will wait for the light that either highlights the object's roughness or its softness, depending on the feeling you want to communicate in the shot.


Shape is created in a photograph by elements like a door, the area around a tree, or the tiles in a bathroom. Use them as decoration or as "frames" for your artwork.

The form is a flat illustration of a three-dimensional item. Many children's drawings feature simple geometric forms such as home, tree, sun, and sky outlines. The contours of an object are defined by its perimeter.

The silhouette effect created by backlighting is a useful tool for depicting the intriguing forms of objects in photography. When the silhouette's subject (object) is easily distinguishable from the background, the resulting shot is striking.

The time has come to progress from the most fundamental to the most intricate compositional parts. Whether it's a crescent moon or a happy face, any form will do. It's impossible to generalise about the emotional influence of different shapes on a photograph. It's possible to attribute different meanings to different shapes—a circle might be soothing, a heart can be evocative, a triangle can be dynamic—but ultimately, all shapes have the ability to capture our interest.

Sometimes the object itself is the shape. In photographs, the sun always seems round. Sometimes these shapes are more abstract in nature, like a curved cloud hovering over a curved valley, resulting in a circular composition. Forms of both kinds are significant. The first serves as a focal point, while the second provides the image with its composition.

Look for shapes, both literal and figurative, when taking photographs. Keep in mind that shapes, especially human and animal forms, have a great ability to capture our attention. Make sure your photos are composed properly.


Shapes and textures that are repeated in a rhythmic arrangement called patterns. Looking for the ultimate Wedding Reception Venue in Melbourne? Look no further, Vogue Ballroom is here. 

Photos are full with repeating designs. This is true of not only subtle recurring details, such as a texture, but of any such feature present in the image. A mountain's reflection in a pond is a pattern in and of itself, and its importance should not be understated because it serves to unify the entire image.

That is what patterns allow us to do. They provide a unifying element for a series of images. They provide photographs with an explanation for why they were taken rather than others.

Human-made situations, such as architecture photographs, may be more likely to exhibit discernible patterns. Feathers on a bird or the crests and troughs of ocean waves are only two examples of natural sceneries and living things that exhibit patterns.

No need to worry if not every single photo you take fits neatly into a neat little pattern. However, pay attention to instances of similarity or interconnectedness in the world. It has the potential to be an extremely powerful photograph.

Patterns may be found in everything, from natural phenomena to man-made creations, if one takes the time to look for them. Using these motifs, you can create an eye-catching composition that holds the viewer's attention.

It's possible that a more dynamic composition would come from a departure from this kind of harmonious or rhythmic patterning. The pattern provides order to the visual chaos. We move from artificial to natural to abstract.

One can create patterns out of the design elements by arranging them in a regular fashion. Patterns, to put it briefly, are just reoccurring compositional components in a work of art. These are synchronised to function in tandem within a single visual element.

The human brain evolved to detect and respond to regularities in its surroundings. A viewer's emotional response to this may be unexpected.

The use of patterns is an effective design element that makes a picture pop off the page. To successfully include patterns into your photographs, you must be as curious as you are skilled in the art of photography.

You could seek for natural topics like flowers or urban ones like buildings. You'll be astounded by the sheer number of repeating designs once you start to notice them.


The shape is what makes your flat shot look three-dimensional and real. It is common practice to accomplish this by manipulating the light falling on your subject. Different lighting arrangements for portrait photography can dramatically alter the appearance of your subjects. A three-dimensional model of the thing is represented by the shape. Adding depth to the Shape creates shape.

With photography (and art in general) being flat on all sides, it's up to the artist to fake the appearance of depth in order to convey the third dimension. Light and shadow are powerful tools for giving the impression of depth in photographs.


The use of negative space is another way to add depth to your images. It's important for pictures to have a foreground, a midground, and a backdrop. This is a straightforward method of drawing the viewer's attention to various parts of the image, or even to the background. In photography, "space" can also refer to the areas that aren't in focus. Something like your subject occupies the positive space. The contents of what appears to be an "empty" or "blank" space are not always negated. "Negative space" refers to the empty areas between "positive" ones.

To convey depth, perspective, and relative size of elements, designers make extensive use of space. The "positive space" in an image is its subject, whereas the "negative space" is the background. The shape of an object is defined as much by its negative space as by its positive.

Using the rule of thirds to compose an image creates a sense of ease for the subject. Islands and seas, clouds and skies, clouds and writing utensils. There's both good and bad empty space.

In photography, positive space refers to the unsaturated areas of an image that viewers are drawn to. Visually dominant areas are typically referred to as "positive space." High-texture regions are no different in this regard.

The "gaps" between areas of positive space are filled by negative space. It doesn't disappear as much as cooler colours go into the background, but neither is it the focal point of the image.

Negative space makes a shot feel empty, while positive space makes it feel packed. These aren't feelings that come across as particularly positive in writing, but they may pack a serious punch in a photograph. Due to the abundance of positive space, We have approached my cityscape photography with a sense of purpose and urgency. We also did the inverse, taking pictures of a minuscule subject in a huge backdrop to emphasise how alone and out of place the subject is.

Compositional characteristics like visual weight and distance greatly affect the use of positive and negative space. However, the proportion of positive to negative space in a photograph of a single subject, such as a portrait, can vary greatly from one composition to the next. You may easily adjust the composition by increasing or decreasing the quantity of backdrop around your topic. This will drastically alter the photo's mood.

FAQs About Photography

Light is, without a doubt, the single most essential component of any photograph simply because the act of photography involves the capture of light. 

In photography, "shape" typically refers to an object's flat, two-dimensional representation. However, when we talk about form, we're talking about a more three-dimensional appearance to the shape. Therefore, this essay will treat them as a single component for simplicity.

Space These components, along with the fundamentals of art and design, form a cohesive whole. Repetition, contrast, balance, unity, and focus are some principles that fall under this category. A photograph should be aesthetically beautiful and well-balanced if the composition is decent. These aspects should be used.

Finding the ideal composition for your shot in the available light may require some exploration. When capturing portraits, it's important to avoid having the light source behind, above, or in front of the subject. This can cause the shot to be too flat or have too many shadows.

It would be best if you had a firm grasp of art history and theory to design a picture-perfect shot. One of the best places to start is learning about art's seven aspects. These seven things make up the art world: The principles of art and design are complementary to these components. Repetition, contrast, balance, unity, and focus are all examples of these principles.

Composition in your photographs is frequently challenging, even though it is of the utmost significance. It's possible that everything, from the lighting to the setting to the outfit to the styling, looks flawless.

However, the fact that your composition is lacking is a deal breaker. The guidelines for composing. Compressing a picture that turns out well requires more than just concentrating your lens on the subject of the shot.

The Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is a widely used photography composition principle that is best demonstrated by superimposing a nine-square grid on an image. You would divide the picture into nine parts by dividing it into thirds both horizontally and vertically. Simply following the general laws of form photography, your images will be well-composed if the main subject is positioned along one of the lines.

Photography Lighting And Composition

Lighting and composition are the two most crucial aspects of photography, which comprise three of the seven fundamentals. These are the two main focuses of amateur photographers. In addition to the rule of thirds, other photographic composition approaches include symmetry (which makes use of devices like reflections to give visual appeal to an otherwise mundane photo) and depth (which mixes the foreground and backdrop in fascinating ways to bring an image to life). Shooting light refers to the practice of composing photographs so that the way light interacts with subjects is emphasised. The more you experiment with these seven aspects of photography, the closer you'll come to becoming a photographic artist using these tried-and-true methods employed by the pros.

When you apply the seven guidelines, you'll have more say over your photography. Because of this, you'll have more opportunities to take stunning photographs. Vogue Ballroom is your perfect wedding venue in Melbourne delivering fairytale weddings for the bride and groom.

The aforementioned compositional components are the building blocks of any photograph's success. The next articles will provide in-depth explanations of each of these factors.

Have you given any thought to using these design aspects into your photographs? What do you believe it is about a photograph's composition that makes it more interesting than others?


Everything a photographer needs to think about can be boiled down to these seven elements: lines, textures, shapes, forms, patterns, colours, and spaces. Each provides a different dimension to a picture when used together. Putting in the time and effort to study what makes for an interesting shot is a worthwhile endeavour. The colours you choose can have a significant impact on the mood of a shot. The visual composition and emotional impact of a photograph are profoundly affected by colour.

The line is a powerful design element because it can be used to express so many different emotions depending on its direction and form. Colors that are warm exude energy and vitality, while those that are chilly exude calm and serenity. In darker contexts, like the shade on a sunny day, cool colours stand out more. Including texture in a photograph can make the final product more interesting to the viewer. Pictures with more texture tend to draw more attention.

It's possible that adding texture to "unimportant" areas of a scene will serve just to confuse and divert the viewer's attention. When showing a mountainous landscape, for example, the texture is crucial for creating an illusion of depth. Using a consistent pattern throughout a group of photographs helps to draw the viewer's attention to the whole. They offer images and a description of the event that inspired them. Use these motifs to make a composition that grabs and keeps the attention of your audience.

It's the form that gives an otherwise flat shot a sense of depth and realism. When taking portraits, changing the lighting can have a huge impact on how your subjects seem. "Negative space" is the white space between "positive" and "blank" areas in a picture. Putting a nine-square grid over an image is the most effective way to explain the Rule of Thirds, a popular photographic composition guideline. Images of the same topic can have vastly different dynamics, depending on how much emphasis is placed on positive and negative space.

The cornerstones of any compelling shot are the photographer's control of the lighting conditions and the strength of the composition. Your development as a photographic artist will be accelerated as you play around with these seven elements. In subsequent articles, we'll delve further into each of these elements.

Content Summary

  1. A photographer's work can be broken down into its component parts—line, texture, shape, form, pattern, colour, and space.
  2. Basic Photography Concepts Composition is at the heart of each of the seven essentials of photography.
  3. It is also important to utilise lines to connect different parts of your image to one another.
  4. It is possible that the lines in a photograph are not completely accurate.
  5. When compared to points, lines have a lower value.
  6. Use leading lines, particularly diagonals, to direct the eye within the composition.
  7. The line is a powerful design element because it can be used to express so many different emotions depending on its direction and form.
  8. Colour
  9. One of our favourite aspects of design is the incorporation of colour.
  10. The mood created in the shot is mostly determined by the colours chosen.
  11. Colors that are opposite one another on the colour wheel are said to be complementary.
  12. More space is needed to explain the wide range of emotions that can be elicited by different colours in photography.
  13. Warm colours include reds, oranges, and yellows.
  14. On the other hand, "cool" colours include blues, greens, and violets of various tones.
  15. Shaded areas of a sunny day, for example, are typically associated with cooler colours.
  16. Recognize the colours present and play up their strengths in your compositions.
  17. Texture
  18. The texture category challenges you to seek for and include interesting textures in your photographs.
  19. A thing's texture reflects the features on its outside.
  20. Including texture in a photograph can make the final product more interesting to the viewer.
  21. When showing a mountainous landscape, for example, the texture is crucial for creating an illusion of depth.
  22. The angle of the light plays a significant role in how apparent the textures are.
  23. Depending on the mood you want to convey, you'll wait for light that emphasises the object's roughness or its softness.
  24. You can hang them up for decoration or use them as makeshift picture frames.
  25. Backlighting creates a silhouette effect, perfect for capturing the unique shapes of items.
  26. It's not possible to make sweeping statements regarding how various photographic shapes affect viewers' emotions.
  27. Often, the form of an object is inherent to the thing itself.
  28. Keep an eye out for shapes, both real and imagined, when snapping photos.
  29. In many of the images, you can see the same pattern repeated multiple times.
  30. They serve as a connecting thread between disparate visuals.
  31. However, keep your eyes peeled for parallels and connections.
  32. There are patterns to be found everywhere, from the world of nature to the works of humankind.
  33. Use these motifs to make a composition that grabs and keeps the attention of your audience.
  34. This pattern brings some semblance of order to the otherwise chaotic scene.
  35. If the design components are arranged in a systematic way, patterns can be made.
  36. Adding patterns to a design helps an image jump off the page.
  37. You have to be as inquisitive as you are talented in photography if you want to incorporate patterns into your work.
  38. The shape stands in for a three-dimensional representation of the object.
  39. Incorporating a 3D depth map into the Form's design is how shape is made.
  40. Space
  41. Image depth can also be achieved by the strategic use of negative space.
  42. The plus sign represents an object or idea that is similar to your subject.
  43. An image's "positive space" refers to its foreground, while its "negative space" refers to its background.
  44. A thing's negative space is just as important to its shape as its positive space.
  45. Negative space is used to fill the "voids" created by positive space.
  46. The opposite of negative space is positive space, which fills the frame.
  47. We've taken cityscape photos with a sense of urgency because there's so much empty space.
  48. We also attempted the opposite, photographing a little individual against a massive backdrop to highlight the subject's isolation and alienation.
  49. The positive and negative space in a composition is heavily influenced by factors such as visual weight and distance.
  50. However, the balance between foreground and background elements in a portrait or other single-subject shot can shift significantly from one composition to the next.
  51. Adjusting the amount of space between your subject and the background is a simple way to alter the composition.
  52. The tone of the picture will be completely different after this is done.
  53. The Thirds Rule
  54. A nine-square grid is used to illustrate the rule of thirds, a common photography composition guideline.
  55. Lighting and composition in photography
  56. Three of photography's seven basics are lighting, and two of the most important are composition and subject matter.
  57. The more you play around with these seven areas, the closer you'll get to becoming a photographic artist utilising the same tried and proven methods applied by the pros.
  58. Following the aforementioned seven rules will allow you greater creative control over your photographs.
  59. Successful photographs are built on the foundation of the aforementioned compositional elements.
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