The purpose of editing is to determine the meaning of the film. When editing you can select which way you want the film or program to go, for example in editing you can show someone arguing and then can show a completely different reaction this can then alter the way the program/film is going. Editing is additionally used so you can cut out the portions that are unnecessary in the program. When you are editing, you can organise, put it together to tell a story, this means that you can create a smooth flow through editing which then allows you to see a narrative in the part of work and shows the story. If there weren't any editing then you wouldn't be able to see a story, delete all the unwanted clips or scenes and nothing would be fitting together on the timeline you would have to film it in sequence. The timeline is the blank canvas of your production. It is where you put all of your recorded clips in. By using the timeline, you can change where you want each one of the clips to go and whether or not you want them.
At the most significant level, editing form determines meaning in a film in the same way that the sonnet form helps determine meaning in poetry. In most Hollywood films, editing helps determine at least four dimensions of film narrative: in what order you receive information about the plot, how much data you are supposed to receive about the narrative, how you are supposed to feel about events and characters at any given time, and how you are supposed to experience the pace of the narrative. In addition, as the idea of montage suggests, editing can serve an intellectual function, often making aesthetic, political, or ideological assertions about the activities you see, as well as emotional appeals. This latter activity tends to belong more to the world of avant-garde and experimental films.
The purpose of editing can be seen as being very significant; the editing itself is effective as it sets a meaning for the film. The editing can also help the film with the narrative; by this, it helps the audience receive information about the plot and the story throughout the film. Using edit's, it can define the information the audience will receive about the film. I can be used to build up emotion for or about a character in which people can like or hate.
The editing of a film is classed as a form of art, and in this case, it would be the 'invisible' art. Being able to edit a film perfectly to professional standards helps the film itself so much as it enables viewers watching to engage with the film. The editing of a film can be used in a diverse way. It can be used to create a sensually provocative montage. It can bring out the emotional truth in an actor's performance within filming; it can also create a point of view on otherwise obtuse events. It can also be used to guide the telling and pace of a story. The editing can create an illusion of danger where there is none and keep the viewer on the edge of their seat making the film more exciting, give emphasis to things that would not have otherwise been noted; and even create a vital subconscious emotional connection to the viewer, among many other possibilities.
There are many different purposes of editing that should be understood and conveyed when editing footage. Here I have gone through some of the main purposes an editor should always follow depending on the genre of the film itself.
An editor's most important talent is to engage the viewers. The main purpose of a film is to ensure the audience enjoy and are brought into the storyline. Their jobs are different, and they need to provide the audience to become and remain fully engaged in the movie and its story. One of the main and most basic rolls is to use a variety of different shots. In olden days the movies where one solid piece of film and it would bore the audience, Their for the variety of shots to me is one of the most important roles an editor has. They need to ensure. They use a mix of close up's, mid, over the shoulder, point of view, etc. However, these shots must have a sense of continuity for and Their They must flow. If they are a wide range of shots and each cut is obvious, it can feel misplaced. This Could lose the interest of the audience, they could lose the feel of the movie, and they would begin to think that they saw a large number of cuts. By showing a wide verity of shots, you can experiment easier and combine some more experimental shots that Look cinematically pleasing. They are to add interest to the overall film. If you want your wedding to be the Top Wedding Video of the year, check out our ultimate list of wedding videographers to help you get the polished product.
As we all know, an editor must choose the perfect shot from a wide range of different shots. Sometimes the director will position the characters differently, and the cameramen will film people from different angles. The editor must then take all shots from each take and choose the best moments in each. A huge part of this, as a good example, would be angled. Angles alone can give many different meanings and subliminal messages to the characters in the movies and can help to build a roll or character. Even if an actor is playing a 'hard man', the editor can use a few wrong angles at the wrong time it can confuse the storyline and change the meaning/way the character is being portrayed. If Their was a time when they are supposed to look 'hard', and then there is a high angle of this character this would tell the audience that the character thinks they're "hard", Yet They are being portrayed as weak, There for the audience will probably see the character as not scary and not 'hard'. There is a huge amount of detail that needs to be considered in the process, and although the director will know where they want the characters to appear as a protagonist or an antagonist. Yet if the editor Applies misleading messages through angles/shots, this can confuse the story.
As a rule of thumb, if you want a character to be portrayed as an antagonist, you will show lots of low angles when they are at the hight of their evilness in the storyline and start to bring in more high angled sots of them the more the protagonist begins to 'win' and the antagonist begins to lose power. Whereas if you want a character to be portrayed as a protagonist, you will tend to start with high angled shots to show the antagonist is more prominent than them and then show a clear transition into the protagonist 'winning' and then use lots more low angled shots. You will notice the characters the filmmakers want you to feel for and like will we've given the typical shots of a protagonist and the people they want you to dislike will be given the shots of an antagonist. A high angled shot is made to make a character appear inferior, weak ad helpless. Whereas a low angled shot will make the character dominate the screen and make them larger, their for appearing more scary or intimidating. The editor needs to ensure the right people are being perceived in the right way by the audience at the right time. This also applies to the positioning of the characters, e.g. who is taking up more or less of the screen. Each character will have different points within the film that they need to be portrayed as more dominant, and they are shown as this when they are dominating the screen.
Their are many examples of how important an editors roll and judgement are. They are left to build the suspense and embed fear into the audience. There is an iconic scene from Noseratll (1922) where the editing skills are incredible, helping build up suspense and fear in the audience. The editor made cuts of the vampire getting closer and closer to the victim, sometimes cutting into the victims face and reactions. This built up an imminence amount of fear in it's the audience and has, therefore, remained an iconic scene for years to come. This shows what an editor can achieve with simple and basic footage.
Editors are in control of the overall 'feel' of a movie, and this can change the way the audience feels after watching it. It's brought on by lighting, effects, and overall flow and continuity of the cinematography. For instance, if you watched an original black and white film in colour, the overall feeling of the movie would-be Portrayed very differently, and the audience would feel different emotions after watching it. If a film is cinematically pleasing and continuous through the ought you can trick the audience into feeling as if they are almost a part of what they are experiencing, leaving them feeling strange and missing the film once it is finished. An opposite side to this would be watching a movie that does not have very much continuous lighting or effects, for this would make the audience more aware of the fact it is a film, and they are not for 'not real' leaving them feeling unimpeached afterwords. The editor must select the shots they feel are best and useful this includes choosing the shots with appropriateness lighting. If a movie jumps from different lighting this will give the film an overall jumpy feel.
The editor will then change the colouring of a film and colour cast entire scenes into a very similar overall cinematic feel. Once there is a set colour scheme, it's the editor's job to ensure that this stays continuous. Even a slight colour change would give the audience subliminal changes in emotions. A good example of this is twilight, although it is not noted if you watch just one scene of the movie you start to notice a specific effect on every shot. This effect gives the actors a paler skin tone and lightens up the overall shots, and this helps with the overall look as they are vampires their skin should be pail. It also makes the footage look as if it was shot with an old fashion lens witch fits with the film as it is about vampires (that are hundreds of years old). Although it may seem like a small tweak, When watching the film, it begins to give an overall flow and familiarity that's different from reality. They are for once the film is finished you are left with stronger memory and feelings towards the movie itself. Even if you do not think it's your favourite movie. There are many blind skills that an editor will tweak behind a certain and this for me is one of the most important ones I've noticed from looking into how you feel after watching different movies.
Editing is used for many different things; one of the purposes is storytelling. A good edit means a good piece of footage. Any sequence needs to be able to tell a story to enable the audience to be engaged and entertained. The viewer needs to be drawn into the story and to do that it needs to be told well. The first step of this is editing.
Table of Contents
- 1 The History and Development of Editing
- 2 The History and Development of Editing – Film
- 3 The History and Development of Editing – Digital Editing
- 4 The History and Development of Editing – Analogue Editing
- 5 Development of Drama
- 6 Relationship to genre
- 7 Action
- 8 Horror
- 9 Romantic Comedy
- 10 Creating Motivation
- 11 Combining shots into sequences
- 12 Creating Pace
The History and Development of Editing
Camera Editing editing was used in the past before they had edited, this intended that they had to film the shots which they wanted in a sequence. While they were filming, they were basically editing as they went along. In camera, editing was created by the Lumiere brothers. Before any person could film using this technique, they had to plan in advance the shots that they were going to film they needed to do this because there was no editing available. The sequence of shots that were on the theatre screen in the order that they filmed in. If you’re looking for the best Video Company in Melbourne then look no further. Check out Vogue Ballroom’s ultimate list.
The History and Development of Editing – Film
Film – Film is what was used to capture the footage that you filmed; however, the film has now been replaced by a memory card. Since times have changed, we no longer have to do that. We have memory cards now, so everything we film goes on there. When you have completed the film, you then pass it through a projector, and this then gives the audience an impression of movement. The films originated on reels and are flexible and plastic. In the past, the film was a vital thing in creating films for the movie theatres.
The History and Development of Editing – Digital Editing
Digital editing is the answer to editing in the modern era. In came computers and different software to replace analogue editing. By using a computer an editor works with raw footage, selecting shots and them putting them in sequence on the timeline to create the completed film. With digital editing being a lot easier, less time consuming than what analogue editing was, it means that they have gained more responsibility with sound. There is also a lot more editing programs available now than what there was, for example, Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere and iMovie. Gone are the days of analogue editing when everything was done by hand.
The History and Development of Editing – Analogue Editing
Analogue editing was what was used to edit before it all changed into digital editing. Before computers were created, they used analogue editing, which was all done by hand; nothing was done by using the software. You required a copy of the positive film where all the footage went onto when it was filmed. They then took the film and cut it in different parts using a splicer and pasted it onto different pieces of film to create the cutaways. By using analogue editing, it then had to be nourished through a machine. Times have evolved now, we can do all of this on the computer and no messing around is needed.
Development of Drama
Editing is used to develop drama, and the way footage is edited can determine the intensity of the clip. Putting certain clips together and using different camera shots at certain points can benefit a video and develop drama.
In this case, combining multiple clips together or repeating clips in 'Rocky' has benefited it massively as it improves strength and builds a relationship with the actor/film.
Relationship to genre
Different genres of film have different conventions when it comes to editing, different techniques and styles are used to illustrate the genre.
In an action film there is a lot of fast editing, this is to show the fast pace of the movie, in most action films there is a car chase or a fight scene, so fast editing is frequently used. Long shots are also used to establish the scene.
In Horror films, fast editing is also used; this is to scare viewers. The audience is anxious as they do not know what is coming next and are waiting to be scared by the next quick shot. Low shots are also used to create fear, and it shows the characters intimidation and authority over the other characters. Looking for a Video Company in Melbourne? Check out our ultimate list of videographers here.
In a 'rom-com' the editing makes the audience know its a romantic comedy, the sound is always upbeat and happy, the editing is always at a slower pace.
The motivated editing technique is a simple way to transition from one shot to the next shot. Making a natural-looking shot can be tricky, the best way to make an edit look good is to make a motivated edit because it is not jumpy and will not affect the audience and how it is viewed.
Combining shots into sequences
Combining shots into sequences in the process of putting together all shots and making them flow. Once all of the shots have been individually edited they can they be place together in a sequence a successful edit mean the sequence will look good, the edit needs to look invisible, and so the audience can only see one long sequence.
Creating pace is when editing is used to speed up or slow down a film. The pace of an edit can alter the way the audiences views the film. For example, action films are usually fast-paced; this is done editing shots, so they are short and then quickly cut to another shot. Drama films normally use slower shots, and this is to allow the audience to see and understand a scene and to understand the character. This is done by having longer shots in a scene.
Each film needs to be capable to tell a story in order to gain the interest of the audience. Otherwise, there would be no point. It is crucial as the attention of a viewer must be captured during the film's running time. Storytelling goes together with editing if the edit is poor, then telling the story becomes challenging.
In a film with a vast theatrically elements to it, the methods used to edit a film can create intensity. Camera shots play a huge part in the development of drama. A common shot which is used in dramatic films is the reaction shot, which indicates how a character may possibly behave in a certain situation. Long-winded shots are also popular because they produce a feeling of tension or danger. Emotion is obviously the key factor in developing drama. This is because, without emotion, there is no drama.
Video editing is important because it is the key to blending images and sounds to make us feel emotionally connected and sometimes truly there in the film we're watching. It's a safe assumption to say that video editing is among the most important jobs in the film industry. With professional video editing, you can create an emotion-evoking masterpiece, and it can make or break your film, which is why it's just as important to choose the right video editor as it is to choose the right camera equipment.